Canada welcomed over 40,000 new immigrants under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) in 2022, which received even more applications than the Express Entry-managed programs. Canada’s popular pathway PNP has a fascinating past which is why understanding how the PNP operates, its priorities, and how you utilize this knowledge to improve your prospects of immigration is important to know.
How Was Immigration in the ’90s?
The PNP was established to disseminate the advantages of immigration across Canada and assist the provinces in meeting their economic demands. 88% of Canadian immigration in the middle of the 1990s was concentrated in Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia. Because of this, the Prairie (Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) and Atlantic (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, and Labrador) provinces discovered that a much smaller portion was being distributed among these eight provinces, as well as the Yukon and Northwest Territories.
As the provincial governments seek to find a strategy to make immigration to their provinces more alluring for foreign workers, this would pose a severe dilemma for the social and economic goals of these provinces.
Instituting the PNP in Manitoba
Beginning with the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program, Manitoba would prove to be a pioneer in creating and administering the PNP (MPNP). The Canada-Manitoba Immigration Act, the first bilateral framework of its sort, would have been ratified by the provincial government in 1996 with the assistance of the BCM.
The province soon became aware of the following developments:
- 1997 saw Manitoba launch a pilot program to encourage immigration to rural areas of the province;
- In 1998 Manitoba signed the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program Annex;
- In 1999 the first 418 nominees arrive in Manitoba;
- Between 2004 – 2006 the MPNP expands to six new skilled worker streams;
- In 2008 Manitoba signed the Worker Recruitment & Protection Act, to protect foreign workers;
- In 2010 “Manitoba Start”, a settlement service for temporary workers and residents opens;
- In 2011 the Winnipeg Jets return to their home province.
Implementation of PNPs Across Provinces
Following Manitoba’s PNP’s tremendous success, other governments sought to put similar programmes in place to meet their own economic requirements. The fact that the federal government was unwilling to replicate its deal with Quebec was a driving force behind the introduction of PNPs throughout provinces, even though Quebec had basically established its own PNP through its regulation of economic immigration.
- In 1998, British Columbia and Saskatchewan joined Manitoba in implementing the PNP;
- In 1999, both New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador followed suit with their PNPs;
- In 2001 Prince Edward Island and the Yukon Territory started their own PNPs;
- In 2002 both Nova Scotia and Alberta instituted their PNPs;
- 2005 saw Ontario start its own PNP;
- In 2009 the Northwest Territories joined the queue, putting their own PNPs into effect.
Why is It Important to Know?
The PNP has experienced rapid expansion in recent years and will likely serve as one of the main channels for welcoming immigrants to Canada in 2022 and 2023. The PNP stream under which they would most likely qualify as well as the provinces that would be in need of them will likely be of great interest to immigrant seekers.
The ideal way to position yourself and your application for prospective immigration sponsorship and even PR is are further study the economic objectives and labour conditions within the province you are considering moving to.